One of the earliest structures on this corner of the Acropolis was a small temple built for Athena Nike. The Athenians worshipped Athena Nike when they hoped for, or gave thanks for, victory in battle.
Athena Nike's temple included a frieze which showed the Athenian victory over the Persians. Further sculpture showed Athenian victories over Greek enemies from other city states. The temple was built in the Ionic style.