Men and women had different roles to play at funerals. The women washed the dead body, wrapped it in cloth and decorated it with flowers and herbs. The dead person was laid out on a bier, surrounded by female mourners. Behind them is a line of male mourners.

In ancient Greece, three days after a person died, their body was carried from their home to the cemetery. Their body was then buried before dawn. It was the responsibility of the men to dig the grave, and to sacrifice animals to the gods.

Men and women had very different roles in preparing a body for the afterlife. There was a series of rituals to go through before the soul was free to leave the body to go to the afterlife, 30 days after death. It was thought that only women and old men should cry when grieving the loss of a loved one.

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